Community Risk Factors

There are specific characteristics of communities that may contribute to bullying behavior on the part of children. State and local policies on early identification and intervention can influence a community’s intolerance to such behavior.


Characteristics of neighborhoods have a significant effect on bullying behavior. Neighborhoods that are unsafe, violent, and disorganized are breeding grounds for bullying. Living in a safe, connected neighborhood predicted less bullying and victimization.

Impact on Schools

A school in poor urban neighborhoods experiences more violence in and around the school. Also, People feel less safe in neighborhoods where there is evidence of crack houses and drug dealing–related violence. This spills over into the neighborhood schools, where there is more drug dealing– related violence. Schools located in neighborhoods with high turnover also have more bullying.