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Bullying: Outcome of Differences Between Individuals

The theory that bullying is an outcome of individuals’ differences suggests that the motivation to bully and the tendency to be victimized are a result of disparate strength in individual characteristics, whereby one individual seeks to oppress another to gain power in a social group. Anti-bullying methods that address individual differences include therapeutic interventions such as assertiveness training for victims and anger management for bullies as well

as school counseling and parenting classes. Such approaches refer to the suggestion that particular traits may influence the tendency to perform a certain role and also relate to individual characteristics acting as behavioral predictors.

In addition, parenting styles have been linked with child behavior outcomes and familial influences have also been implicated in bullying and victimization. Indeed, the co-existence of bullying siblings confirmed familial transmission of bullying whereby abusive behavior in the home is adopted in interpersonal relationships.